How Fit are Medical Students from Dresden to Treat Alcohol-Related Disorders?
DOI: 10.3238/zfa.2015.0315-0320german translation / full article
Background: The prevalence of alcohol dependency in Germany is high. Data indicate a lack of quality of care for the respective poulation. A survey of medical students of the 10th semester at the Medical Faculty of the Technical University of Dresden (TUD) should cover the achieved degree of competence to effectively care for alcohol-related disorders in their later work as doctors.
Methods: This cross-sectional study is based on a paper – and – pen survey of medical students of the 10th semester at the Medical Faculty of the TUD in July-2013. The data were analysed descriptively using crosstabs. For the analysis of group differences or correlations the Mann-Whitney U-test or chi-square test was used. For the risk classification of amounts of alcohol consumed, the classification scheme of the German Centre for Addiction questions was used.
Results: 11.3 % of the medical students feel „adequately trained and educated“ while more than 60 % feel inadequately prepared to work with alcoholic patients. 77.1 % wanted to be better informed and trained on alcohol-related disorders as part of their medical studies. The analysis by risk groups of students in terms of their alcohol consumption did not reveal any significant differences in answering the various competence items.
Conclusions: The results indicate deficits in training alcohol-related disorders. The self-perceived level of knowledge is inadequate; the scope of theoretical and practical training however, is assessed as insufficient. In view of its significance the clinical picture of alcohol-related disorders should be included in the curricula of education and become a rule-based part of the tests.