Practical Year Elective as the Key Factor for a Career as a Family Practitioner?german translation / full article
Background: An effective nationwide coverage of primary care services in Germany can only be ensured if more Medical school graduates decide to specialize in Family Medicine and to work in rural areas. The aim of this study was to investigate the career choices of graduates who choose a Family Medicine elective period and how these decisions are influenced.Methods: 127 of the 142 graduates in the State of Baden-Württemberg (between 2011 and 2016) could be contacted by e-mail and received a questionnaire with 21 items.Results: 70 participants answered the questionnaire, of whom 60 % (N = 42) preferred further education in Family Medicine. According to their own statements, half of them already had this preference at the beginning of their studies, while the other half had made the decision in the course of their studies. The intention to settle in future in rural or urban areas was associated with the origin type of residence form of the graduates (r = 0.45, p = 0.004).Conclusions: These findings should be taken into account in future admission procedures at Medicals schools and the design and concepts of medical teaching.